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篇名 以解決問題為導向的偏遠地區學校校長領導支持系統與治理策略
並列篇名 A Study of the Support System and Governance Strategies of Remote District School Principal Leadership That Are Oriented Toward Problem-Solving
作者 張慶勳(Ching-Hsun Chang)
中文摘要 本研究基於國內中小學校長專業學習社群與行政支持系統的實施、學校所具有的多元組織架構與特徵、偏遠地區學校校長領導解決校務問題的決策過程與學校治理為脈絡背景,以及國內外相關文獻的評析,據以提出以下的研究目的:一、瞭解學校治理的內涵;二、探討偏遠地區學校校務問題的校內外影響因素;三、探討偏遠地區學校亟需解決的教育問題與性質;四、探討偏遠地區學校校長解決校務問題過程中所需要的支援與協助;五、探討偏遠地區學校解決問題為導向的校長支持系統與學校治理策略。為達成研究目的,本研究以國內外相關文獻的評析為立論基礎,以立意取樣選取臺灣離島特殊偏遠地區國中小校長、主任、組長與教師、臺灣本島偏遠地區、非山非市與一般地區國小校長,以及與本研究主題有相關理論與實務經驗的專家學者共17人為研究個案進行訪談、焦點團體座談與文件分析。本研究之結論為:一、學校治理是校長解決問題的領導思維與策略運用之過程與結果;二、偏遠地區學校校務問題與影響因素具有地方性、社會性與全國性的性質;三、偏遠地區學校校務問題是國家政策、制度互為循環及環環相扣的跨域性議題;四、建構偏遠地區學校內外決策與支持網絡系統有助於校長治理學校解決校務問題;五、偏遠地區學校校長扮演解決校務問題的關鍵性角色;六、偏遠地區學校校長以策略領導與運用領導策略治理學校解決校務問題;七、連結在地與特色辦學是偏遠地區校長治理學校的策略。最後,本研究提出建議與後續性研究的焦點供參考。
英文摘要 This study was based on the context and literature review of the support system of school principal’s professional learning community and administration, characteristics and multi-frames of school organization, decision-making process and school governance of principals in remote district schools, in order to fulfill the purposes of the research. The research purposes are as follows: 1. To understand the meaning of school governance; 2. To explore the internal and external influence factors of remote district school problems; 3. To explore the characteristics of the problems that need to be solved immediately in remote district schools; 4. To explore the support and help remote district school principals needed in the process of solving school problems; 5. To explore remote district school principals’ support system and governance strategies that are oriented toward problem-solving. Besides the literature review, the research cases were purposefully selected from principals, deans, directors, and teachers of primary and junior high schools in special remote districts inside and outside Taiwan and in general districts inside Taiwan. Meanwhile, scholars who were experts on topics related to this study were purposefully selected as the research cases. The total research cases were 17. This study adopted interview, focus group interview and document analysis to achieve the purposes of the research. The conclusions are as follows: 1. School governance is the process and result of principal leadership’s thinking and strategies for solving problems; 2. School affair problems and influence factors of remote district schools have a local, social, and national nature; 3. Remote district school problems are interrelated with national policies and systems; 4. Constructing internal and external decision-making and support network of remote district schools can help school principals govern schools and solve school problems; 5. Remote district school principals play a key role in solving school problems; 6. Remote district school principals govern schools with strategic leadership and they use leadership strategies to solve school problems. 7. Connecting locality and running featured schools are remote district school principals’ strategies for governing schools. Finally, this study put forward relevant suggestions and the focus of follow-up research for reference.
頁次 043-076
關鍵詞 決策 校長支持系統 校長領導 偏遠地區 解決問題 學校治理 decision making support system of principal principal leadership remote district problem-solving school governance TSSCI
卷期 24:3
日期 202108
刊名 教育政策論壇
出版單位 國立暨南國際大學教育政策與行政研究所
DOI 10.3966/156082982021082403002