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篇名 建立中小學「教與學為核心」的品質保證機制之探究
並列篇名 A Study on Establishing the Quality Assurance Mechanism of “Teaching and Learning as the Core” in Elementary and Secondary Schools
作者 吳清山(Ching-Shan Wu)
中文摘要 高等教育為確保教育品質,實施教育品質保證,已有一段時間,至近年逐漸重視「學生結果導向」的品質保證。歷年來,臺灣中小學亦採用校務評鑑方式,了解學校辦學成效和改進學校缺失。然而,教育行政機關基於學校行政減量,已宣布取消中小學校務評鑑,未來如何提升和強化中小學教育品質,以及採用何種適切品質保證方式,實為值得關注的議題。本文採用文獻探討方式,探究中小學「教與學為核心」的教育品質保證機制的內涵和實際作為。首先,說明中小學「教與學為核心」教育品質保證機制的必要性和重要性。其次,詮釋教育品質保證意義和目的,接著分析中小學「教與學為核心」教育品質保證機制的內涵,特別提到「教與學為核心」教育品質保證機制是以教與學為內涵、以品質保證為骨幹,其中,教與學包括課程設計、教學實施和學生學習,而以學生學習為主軸;至於運作方式包括內在品質保證和外在品質保證,透過內在品質保證的實施,作為外在品質保證的基礎。最後,提出落實中小學「教與學為核心」教育品質保證機制的作為,包括訂定教與學品質保證要點、提供推動品質保證依據等七項。
英文摘要 In order to ensure the quality of education, higher education has implemented education quality assurance for some time. In recent years, it has gradually paid attention to “student outcome-based” quality assurance. Over the years, primary and secondary schools in Taiwan have also adopted the method of school affairs evaluation to understand the performance and improve deficiencies of schools. However, educational authority based on school administration reductions has cancelled school affairs evaluation. Therefore, it need focus on the following topics: how to improve and strengthen the quality of primary and secondary education in the future, and what kind of appropriate quality assurance method is adopted. This article aims to explore the connotation and implementation of the educational quality assurance mechanism of “teaching and learning as the core” in primary and secondary schools by using literature review. First, it explains the necessity and importance of the educational quality assurance mechanism of “teaching and learning as the core” in primary and secondary schools. Secondly, it examines the meaning and purpose of education quality assurance, and then analyzes the connotation of the education quality assurance mechanism of “teaching and learning as the core” in primary and secondary schools. The quality assurance mechanism of “teaching and learning as the core” includes curriculum design, teaching implementation and student learning, and student learning as the main axis; as for operation modes including internal quality assurance and external quality assurance, the implementation of internal quality assurance serves as the based on external quality assurance. Finally, it proposes seven practical strategies to the quality assurance mechanism of “teaching and learning as the core” in elementary and secondary schools, including setting specifications for teaching and learning quality assurance and providing the legal basis for implementing quality assurance.
頁次 004-023
關鍵詞 教育品質保證 教與學 機制 education quality assurance (EQA) teaching and learning mechanism
卷期 315
日期 202007
刊名 教育研究月刊
出版單位 高等教育出版公司
DOI 10.3966/168063602020070315001