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篇名 确立职业教育的类型属性是现代职业教育体系建设的根本需要
並列篇名 Need for the Construction of Modern Vocational Education System to Make Vocational Education one Type of Education
作者 徐国庆(Xu Guoqing)
中文摘要 把职业教育看作一种教育类型,是国务院文件《国家职业教育改革实施方案》中所有政策设计的逻辑起点。职业教育对类型属性的追求并非今天才有,当前职业教育对类型属性的需求如此迫切,是因为智能化时代职业结构的变化产生了对职业教育体系的建设需求。职业教育类型属性确立的学理基础是技术知识内容的独立性、技术知识形成过程的复杂性和技术知识来源途径的多元性。职业教育类型属性确立的实践方案,包括通过改善教育政策的公平性确保职业教育体系稳定,构建与普通学校平行、类型层次完善的职业教育学校体系,理顺职业教育的内部衔接通道,按照职业教育的特点管理职业教育,确立技能型人才所应有的社会地位。
英文摘要 Taking vocational education as a type of education is the logical starting point of all policy designs in the State Council document “National Reform Implementation Plan for Vocational Education”. The pursuit of type attributes in vocational education has taken place throughout the history of vocational education. At present, the demand for type attributes in vocational education is so urgent, because the change in vocational structure in the era of intellectualization has produced the demand for the construction of vocational education system. The theoretical basis for establishing the type attributes of vocational education is the independence of the content of technical knowledge, the complexity of the formation process of technical knowledge and the diversity of the sources of technical knowledge. The practical strategies include ensuring the stability of the vocational education system and the fairness of policies, to establish more diversified forms of vocational education for the training of skilled personnel, to rationalize the internal links of vocational education, to manage vocational education according to the characteristics of vocational education and to improve the social status of skilled personnel.
頁次 001-011
關鍵詞 职业教育 类型属性 现代职业教育体系 智能化时代 vocational education type attribute modern vocational education system intelligent age CSSCI
卷期 38:1
日期 202001
刊名 華東師範大學學報(教育科學版)
出版單位 華東師範大學
DOI 10.16382/j.cnki.1000-5560.2020.01.001