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篇名 攜子入監幼兒其親子對話之參與式觀察研究
並列篇名 Condition of Children’s Oral Expression in Mother-Child Conversation on the Environment of Prison: A Participant Observation Study
作者 吳珍梅(Jen-Mei Wu) 、江侞砡(Ju-Yu Chiang)
中文摘要 本硏究在觀察臺中女子監獄四對幼兒與母親在監獄保育室內的對話內 容和回應行爲,以探究親子互動下的幼兒語言表現。幼兒年齢爲2歲2個 月至3歲2個月,3名女童,1名男童;硏究者至保育室內進行三個月的參 與式觀察。編碼系統以親子言語參與程度、談話目的和回應行爲爲主。硏 究結果發現:(一)母親爲主動引發互動,幼兒爲被動配合互動;(二) 親子間的對話未完全達成語言需求與回應間的同步性;(三)攜子入監幼 兒間的親子互動與語言表現個別差異大;(四)幼兒的語言表現和親子互 動及回應方式有關。本硏究結果將有助於瞭解攜子入監幼兒語言能力發展 與母親的對話方式,並可與國內外相關硏究作比較。本文硏究限制與對未 來硏究實務的建議,亦在文中討論。
英文摘要 The purpose of this study was to explore the condition of children^ oral expression from the parent-child interaction by observing and analyzing the contents of conversations between mother and child while they were in the environment of the prison. Four mothers and their children (3 females and one male) attended this research. Their age was around two years plus two months old to three years plus two months old. The research method was participant observation. Research data were collected by a researcher attending the mother-child conversations during three months in the nursery room of Taichung Female Prison in Taiwan. Research data were coded and analyzed by the conditions of attendance during the periods of mother-child interactions, the purposes of mother-child interactions and conversations of mother and child during their interactions. Research findings were; 1. mothers usually were the active role and children were the passive role during their conversations; 2.some mother-child interactions were not on the synchronization between demand-respond situations; 3. there were close relationships among the performances of oral expression in the children, the conditions of mother-child interactions and the ways of demand-responses during their conversations. Researching findings may help to understand the conditions of children^ language development by the mother-child interactions while they stayed in the prison in Taiwan.
頁次 001-046
關鍵詞 女收容人 親子對話 親子互動 參與式觀察 incarcerated mother mother-child conversation parent-child interaction participant observation
卷期 8
日期 201301
刊名 兒童與教育研究
出版單位 國立臺南大學/幼兒教育學系